Finding Your PC's hardware Details Under Debian
The following commands on a Linux system should give some idea of actual hardware and configuration.
$ pager /proc/pci
$ pager /proc/interrupts
$ pager /proc/ioports
$ pager /proc/bus/usb/devices
These commands can be run during the install process from the console screen by pressing Alt-F2.
After the initial installation, with the
installation of optional packages such as
$ lspci -v |pager
$ lsusb -v |pager
# lshw |pager
Typical uses of interrupts:
IRQ0: timer output (8254)
IRQ1: keyboard controller
IRQ2: cascade to IRQ8–IRQ15 on PC-AT
IRQ3: secondary serial port (io-port=0x2F8) (
IRQ4: primary serial port (io-port=0x3F8) (
IRQ5: free [sound card (SB16: io-port=0x220, DMA-low=1, DMA-high=5)]
IRQ6: floppy disk controller (io-port=0x3F0) (
IRQ7: parport (io-port=0x378) (
IRQ9: software interrupt (int 0x0A), redirect to IRQ2
IRQ10: free [network interface card (NE2000: io-port=0x300)]
IRQ11: free [(SB16-SCSI: io-port=0x340, SB16-IDE: io-port=0x1E8,0x3EE)]
IRQ12: PS/2 Mouse
IRQ13: free (was 80287 math coprocessor)
IRQ14: primary IDE controller (
IRQ15: secondary IDE controller (
For old non-PnP ISA cards, you may want to set IRQ5, IRQ10, and IRQ11 as non-PnP from the BIOS.
For USB devices, device classes are listed in
Cls=00 : Unused
Cls=01 : Audio (speaker etc.)
Cls=02 : Communication (MODEM, NIC, ...)
Cls=03 : HID (Human Interface Device: KB, mouse, joystick)
Cls=07 : Printer
Cls=08 : Mass storage (FDD, CD/DVD drive, HDD, Flash, ...)
Cls=09 : Hub (USB hub)
Cls=255 : Vendor specific
If the device class of a device is not 255, Linux supports the device.
If you want to know more
details about your current operating system use 'uname' command.