Ext2 has been the Linux default filesystems until recently. But
when the computer is rebooted without correctly shutting down,
Ext2 filesystems are placed in an error state which could result
in data loss.
Ext3 is a journalised filesystem made to remove those errors. If
you want to replace Ext2 with Ext3, read on, or else go to the
Login as root.
Unmount the /dev/hda4 partition.
Oops, if it doesn't unmount, then I remount it as read-only.
mount -o remount,rw /dev/hda4
Convert it to Ext3.
tune2fs -j /dev/hda4
Edit /etc/fstab and in the /dev/hda4 entry, change ext2 to ext3.
Reboot (one of the very few times you'll be rebooting!!)
shutdown -h now
After you've rebooted, you'll find that you have Ext3 as your
To verify, the following command shows the current file systems
and mounted partitions.
Accessing the Windows partition from Linux
My Windows partition is called /dev/hda1. To access it and give
read and write permissions to all users, first create a
directory called win under /mnt.
Then edit your /etc/fstab file and add this entry to the last
line. Don't forget to press enter after you add this line.